What is Technical Analysis? Top 5 Technical Analysis Indicators for Beginners


Technical analysis is a method used to evaluate securities such as stocks, currencies, and commodities by analyzing statistics generated by market activity, such as price and volume. It involves using charts and other technical indicators to identify patterns and trends that can be used to predict future price movements. Technical analysts believe that all relevant information about a security is reflected in its price and that market psychology can be used to forecast future price movements. Technical analysis can be used in conjunction with fundamental analysis, which analyzes a company’s financial statements and other qualitative factors, to make investment decisions.

Technical analysis can help traders determine the direction of a trend and whether it is likely to continue or reverse, which in turn can help traders identify potential entry and exit points for trades. As such, technical analysis can assist traders with the specific timing of their trades, by helping to identify short-term price movements and potential buying or selling opportunities.

Technical analysis can also be used to help manage risk, due to its use when thinking about specific price points to place stop loss orders, to protect against losses. Furthermore, by focusing on objective data such as price and volume, technical analysis can help remove emotions from investment decisions and provide a more systematic approach to trading.

As technical analysis can provide a quick overview of an asset’s price movements and help uncover potential trading opportunities, it is typically used by short term traders such as swing traders and day traders.

It is important to note that technical analysis is not bulletproof and is often used in conjunction with other forms of security analysis, such as fundamental analysis. Additionally, different analysts may interpret the same chart differently, and technical analysis can be subjective. Nonetheless, technical analysis can be a useful tool for traders and investors who are looking for subjective data in their research to identify potential opportunities.

6 Common Technical Analysis Chart Patterns

When it comes to specific chart patterns, there are many patterns that technical analysis uses to try and predict where an asset may be headed next. Some of the most common chart patterns associated with technical analysis include the following:

  1. Trendlines – these are diagonal lines that connect the highs or lows of an asset’s price movements, and can help determine the overall trend of the asset.
  2. Support and resistance levels – these are price levels where an asset has historically found support (buying pressure) or resistance (selling pressure), and can help determine potential buy or sell zones.
  3. Moving averages – these are lines that smooth out an asset’s price movements by averaging out past price data, and can help identify the direction of the trend.
  4. Head and shoulders – this is a pattern that forms when an asset’s price rises to a peak (the “head”), falls, rises again to a higher peak (the “shoulder”), and then falls again, and can indicate a trend reversal.
  5. Double and triple tops/bottoms – these are patterns that form when an asset’s price rises to a certain level (the “top”) multiple times before falling, or falls to a certain level (the “bottom”) multiple times before rising, and can also indicate a trend reversal.
  6. Flags and pennants – these are patterns that form when an asset’s price has a sharp move up or down, followed by a period of consolidation where the price moves in a narrower range, and can indicate a continuation of the previous trend.

In addition to specific chart patterns, technical analysis often relies on technical indicators as well, which are used to analyze past price movements of a financial asset to predict future trends. Listed below are 5 common technical analysis indicators that are often used by technical analysts.

5 Technical Analysis Indicators to Consider

  1. Moving averages: A moving average is an average of a security’s price over a certain period of time. The most common moving averages used in technical analysis are the 50-day, 100-day, and 200-day moving averages.
  2. Relative Strength Index (RSI): The RSI measures the strength of a security’s price action by comparing its gains to its losses over a specified time period. It is used to identify overbought and oversold conditions.
  3. Bollinger Bands: Bollinger Bands are a volatility indicator that consists of a moving average and two bands that are plotted above and below the moving average. The bands widen and narrow based on the volatility of the security’s price.
  4. Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD): The MACD is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of a security’s price.
  5. Fibonacci retracement: This is a technical analysis tool that uses horizontal lines to indicate areas of support or resistance at the key Fibonacci levels before the price continues in the original direction. It is based on the idea that prices tend to retrace a predictable portion of a move, after which they will continue to move in the original direction.


Technical analysis can be helpful tool of evaluating assets such as stocks, commodities and other assets by looking at factors such as price and volume. Although it is not a bulletproof method, there are many technical indicators and chart patterns that can be utilized or studied when it comes to using technical analysis to assist with making informed trading and/or investment decisions. Hopefully, you now have a better understanding of technical analysis and how it can assist you when researching and analyzing potential assets to buy or sell.

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